Named after a benevolent king of the Gond Dynasty who got killed by a tiger during a hunt and the Andhari river which flows through the forest, the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve is the Oldest National Park in Maharashtra and one of India’s 41 Project Tiger Reserves. The Gond kings once ruled these forests in the vicinity of the Chimur hills. Hunting was completely banned in 1935. Two decades later, in 1955, an area of 116.54 sq.km (45.00 sq mi) was declared a National Park. Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary was created on the adjacent forests in 1986, and in 1995, both the park and the sanctuary were merged to establish the present Tiger Reserve.
Flora Life in Tadoba
The reserve is predominantly a Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest with dense woodlands . Teak is the predominant species with other trees like Ain (Crocodile Bark) , Haldu , Tendu , etc. Palas or Flame of the Forest adds a different tinge to the forest. The Northern Side of the forest near Tadoba Lake and Panchdhara area is plentiful of Ghost Trees.
Fauna Life in Tadoba
Aside from the most charismatic animal of India the Tiger , TATR is home to other mammals like Indian Leopard , Jungle Cat , Sloth Bears , Caracal , Wild Dogs (Dholes) , Indian Bison (Gaur) , Blue Bull (Nilgai) , Striped Hyenas , Civets , Sambar , Spotted Deer , Muntjac , Four Horned Antelope (Chausingha) Tadoba lake sustains an incredible 175+ Marsh Crocodiles which were once found throughout Maharashtra. Other reptiles include the Indian Rock Python, Terrapins, Monitor Lizards, Russell's Viper, etc. Around 300 Different species of Birds are seen around Tadoba and Telia lakes along with 74 varied fluttering beauties we know as Butterflies. Many varieties of Spiders and Scorpions are also seen.